What is a cookie?
Cookies are small files that are installed on the user’s computer and serve as a tool for storage and retrieval of information, regarding your browsing this website, regarding their preferences (language, country, logon features your browser …etc.) or information about the date and time of last visit, traffic parameters within the website and number of visits.
What type of cookies do exist?
- Depending on the entity operating the domain where cookies are sent and data treated:
-First-party cookies: are those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a computer or domain managed by the editor itself and from which it provides the service requested by the user.
-Third-party cookies: are those that are sent to the user’s terminal equipment from a machine or domain that is not managed by the publisher, but by another entity data that is obtained through cookies.
- Depending on the length of time during which they remain active in the user’s browser:
-Session cookies: Cookies of this type are designed to collect and store data while the user accesses a web page. They are usually used to store information that is only worth preserving for the service requested by the user at any one time (eg: a list of products purchased).
-Persistent cookies: are cookies with a type of data which are stored in the terminal and can be accessed and treated for a period defined by the head of the cookie and can range from a few minutes to several years.
- Finally, they can be categorised into five groups according to the purpose for which the data are processed:
-Technical cookies: are those that allow the user to navigate through a web page or application platform and use different options or services as it exist. For example, controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing restricted access parts, remembering the elements of an order, making the buying process an order, making an application for registration or participation in an event, using security features while browsing store content for dissemination videos or sound or share content via social networks.
-Customisation cookies: are those that allow the user to access the service with some general characteristics based on a predefined set of criteria in the user terminal (eg language, the type of browser through which you access the service , the locale from which you access the service, etc.)
-Analysis cookies: are those that allow the responsible for them, monitoring and analyzing the behavior of users of the web sites that are linked. The information gathered through such cookies are used in measuring the activity of web sites, application or platform and for the profiling of user navigation of such sites, applications and platforms in order to make improvements on function data analysis of how users use the service.
-Advertising cookies: they allow the management in the most effective way of advertising spaces that the publisher has included on a website, application or platform from where they provide the requested service based on criteria such as the edited content or the frequency in which ads are displayed.
-Behavioural advertising cookies: they allow the management in the most effective way of advertising spaces that the publisher has included on a website, application or platform where they provide the requested service. These cookies store information about user behavior obtained through the continuous observation of the browsing habits, allowing to develop a specific profile to display ads based on the user.
In case your browser is not on the above list, go to the “Help” section and you will find all the necessary instructions to change the settings.
You should be aware that blocking cookies or limit their installation could cause some of the features of the website to disfunction or may be more complicated and slower to access.
An alternative to blocking cookies would be to activate your browser’s private mode. This mode allows you to navigate through the website without being recorded in the browser history. The visited sites history and cookies will be automatically deleted as soon as a tab is closed in “Incognito”. Below we provide some links about how to use incognito mode in the main browsers:
– Internet Explorer: InPrivate: http://windows.microsoft.com/es-es/internet-explorer/products/ie-9/features/in-private
– FireFox: Navegación Privada: https://support.mozilla.org/es/kb/navegacion-privada-navega-en-la-web-sin-guardar-in
– Google Chrome: Incógnito: https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95464?hl=es
– Safari: Navegación Privada: http://support.apple.com/kb/PH17168?viewlocale=es_ES
– Opera: Navegación Privada: http://help.opera.com/Windows/12.00/es-ES/private.html