Never think that war, no matter how necessary, nor how justified, is not a crime, Ernest Hemingway.
All war is deception, Sun Tzu.
What is a war?
It is a conflict carried out by force of arms, either between countries or between parties within a nation.
What types of wars are there?
- Conventional warfare is the use of conventional weapons and battlefield tactics between opposing sovereign states, each one having access to large arsenals of military capabilities.
- Convention warfare is related to battles between states’ regular armed forces. In opposition, Unconventional warfare covers all military and quasi-military operations other than conventional warfare. It is the support of a foreign or indigenous insurgency or resistance movement against its government or occupying power.
- Asymmetrical warfare, insurgency, terrorism, etc. These terms are used when opposing forces are not equally matched, typically a violent conflict between a formal military force and an informal, smaller in number and less well-equipped opponent. For instance, the battle between Israel and some Palestinian organizations (Hamas and Islamic Jihad) is a classic case of asymmetrical warfare. Palestinian groups deploy rockets or suicide bombers against Israel and its army which is considered one of the most technologically advanced armies in the world.
- Chemical warfare is the use of highly toxic man-made chemicals in battle, such as tear gas, sulfur mustard, or pepper spray, to kill, injure or incapacitate an enemy.
- Nuclear warfare is the use of nuclear weapons (atomic, hydrogen, and neutron bombs) for mass destruction. Hiroshima and Nagasaki are good examples of this kind of warfare. They show in unequivocal terms that nuclear warfare is terrible, devastating, and should never be unleashed.
- Civil war is a violent conflict between organized groups within a nation. It involves an internal conflict between warring factions, ethnic and religious groups, or powers.
- Cyberwarfare is an extension of policy by actions taken in cyberspace (cyber espionage, industrial sabotage, denial-of-service attack, cyber propaganda -the effort to control information in whatever form it takes and influence public opinion-, etc.) by state actors (or by non-state actors with significant state direction or support) that constitute a serious threat to another state’s security, or an action of the same nature taken in response to a serious threat to a state’s security (actual or perceived) (Shakarian, Paulo).
The Geneva Protocol is a treaty prohibiting the use of chemical and biological weapons in international armed conflicts.